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What are the Different Types of Bone Grafts & Their Benefits To a Patient?

Nov 10, 2022 | Bone Grafting

While checking the eligibility for dental implants, the dentist will check whether there are enough tooth roots to stimulate jawbone growth. If the teeth have been missing for a long time, the chances are that your jawbone might already have started to recede and deteriorate because of the lack of tooth roots. During such scenarios, your dentist may recommend bone grafting. In this blog, we will go through what a bone graft is, its various types, and its benefits.

What Is A Bone Graft?

The dentist will determine whether you require a bone graft procedure before proceeding ahead with dental implant placement. When the dentist finds out that the jaw bone is not strong enough to fuse with the dental implants, they will either use a synthetic material or take bone from another part of the body to attach it to the jawbone. There will be a healing period that may extend to several months once the bone graft has been placed. By performing the bone graft procedure, the person will have a stronger jaw bone ready for receiving dental implants. 

Different Types Of Bone Grafts

Autogenous Grafts

In this type of bone grafting in Phoenix, the required bone will be taken from one area of the patient’s body and then transplanted within the desired location in the mouth. The bones, however, are obtained through non-essential bones such as those in the chin. One of the critical benefits of autogenous bone grafting is the lower possibility of rejection and infection since the bone is obtained from the patient’s body. However, there is a need for an incision, which the oral surgeon has to perform on another area of the body.

Allograft Bone Graft

This bone grafting procedure includes bone grafts harvested from deceased donors whose bones have been donated to the bone banks. The donor’s bone will be carefully screened before ensuring its compatibility with the patient’s requirements. One of the critical concerns includes the possibility of rejection or an immune reaction.

Xenografts

Sometimes, the doctors or the patients will choose to go ahead with Xenografts when preparing for dental implants. It is a bone graft taken from an animal such as a cow or pig. It will then be processed so that only the mineral components are left. One of its most significant advantages is its amazing dental implant placement site support. Once the healing period is completed for the mouth and jaw, the xenograft is replaced with a new bone. 

Alloplast Bone Graft

This type of bone graft is either man-made or composed of natural sources such as minerals. It accelerates the bone formation and minimizes the risk of disease or infection from the bone graft. 

How Can The Patients Benefit From A Bone Graft?

  • Bone grafting helps in maintaining the current bone shape or form.
  • It prevents bone degradation.
  • Restores bone mass and structure to prevent other dental problems or diseases.
  • Restores the functionality of the teeth.
  • It improves the self-esteem and confidence of the person who undergoes bone grafting.
  • Provides a more stable platform for dental implants and other dental appliances.
  • Prevents deformity, problem eating, speaking, etc., that is caused due to missing teeth. 
  • Bone grafting is also helpful in ensuring the proper placement of crowns and dentures. 
  • Bone grafting helps prevent ridge topography whenever a dental bridgework has to be performed in the anterior region.
  • It helps maintain the facial bone structure that could be affected due to shifting or moving of the teeth caused due to missing teeth. 

Summary

The oral surgeon will check and decide what type of bone grafting or the extent of it required depending on the bone loss’s severity. The oral surgeon will determine the amount of bone graft needed after careful oral evaluation. 

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